Large bodied, about 37mm.Males have a fork-like 3-pronged extension to proton and a backward-curved horn on its head.
Adults burrow below or beside fresh dung.
They are active at night and attracted to lights.
Males and females jointly pack dung for breeding in hemispherical layers in expanded sections of tunnel forming spherical brood masses that resemble brood balls, each with an egg.
Found in most areas except the Freestate and Cape.
Info: Field Guide to Insects of South Africa